Osteoporosis, is characterized by reduction in bone density whenever rate of resorption of calcium exceeds bone formation. This condition causes bones to become porous, which in turn becomes weak and brittle increasing the risk of fractures. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is deteriorating, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.
Bones are made up of protein, collagen and calcium which help to keep them strong and healthy. As you get older, bone formation shifts and bone strength is gradually lost. When there are low levels of calcium, phosphorous and other minerals, bones weaken and osteoporosis develops. A mild form of osteoporosis is called osteopenia – when bones are structurally weaker and less dense. Osteoporosis fractures often affect the spine, hip or wrist.
While osteoporosis is more common in women experiencing menopause, men may also develop this condition. Osteoporosis tends to strike after the age of 50 years. With the help of a calcium-enriched diet, a weight bearing exercise routine, medication and natural support, osteoporosis can be treated. However, without the correct treatment, fractures of the spine and hip can occur – which may eventually result in disability and further complications.
Symptoms and signs
The common symptoms and signs of osteoporosis include:
There are seldom any symptoms during the early stages of bone loss. However, when osteoporosis develops symptoms such as:
- Chronic lower back pain as a result of collapsed or fractured vertebra
- Loss of height or curving of the spine
- Fractures of the hips, wrists, vertebrae or other bones
The disease condition with similar clinical manifestation is Asthikshya/ asthisaushirya in Ayurvedic classics. At Vedanta Ayurveda some documented herbs that mentioned to improve the bone strength, Asthi- dhatu- agni are studied & prepared a general herbal food supplement for osteoporosis & personalized herbal mixers are tailor maid after complete analysis of disease & diseased.